Senin, 01 Agustus 2011

Slytherin

Slytherin


"Or perhaps in Slytherin, You'll make your real friends, Those cunning folk use any means, To achieve their ends."
The Sorting Hat[src]
Slytherin is one of the four Houses at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, and is traditionally home to students who exhibit such traits as cunning and ambition. Its emblematic animal is the snakeand its colours are green and silver. Founded by Salazar Slytherin, the house is composed mostly of pure-blood students, due to its founder's mistrust of Muggle-born witches and wizards. Slytherin house has a negative reputation, with many claiming that it is the source of most Dark Wizards in Britain, notably Tom Marvolo Riddle, a.k.a. Lord Voldemort, as well as many of his Death Eaters. It has a traditional rivalry with Gryffindor.
Slytherin corresponds roughly with the element of water.

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    Traits and valuesEdit Traits and values sectionEdit

    PersonalityEdit Personality sectionEdit


    "You could be great, you know, and Slytherin will help you on the way to greatness, no doubt about that."
    —The Sorting Hat to Harry Potter[src]
    Salazar Slytherin, the house's founder.
    EmrabtAdded by Emrabt
    Slytherins tend to be ambitious, shrewd, cunning, strong leaders, and achievement-oriented. They also have highly developed senses of self-preservation.[1]This means that Slytherins tend to hesitate before acting, so as to weigh all possible outcomes of a decision (and how these outcomes would personally impact them), unlike Gryffindors, whose reckless natures would likely lead them to react immediately and instinctively without thinking through what exactly should be done.
    According to Albus Dumbledore, the qualities which Salazar valued in the students he chose included cleverness, resourcefulness, determination, and "a certain disregard for the rules." Dumbledore noted that all of these were qualities possessed by Harry Potter, who was in Gryffindor.

    Blood purityEdit Blood purity sectionEdit


    "I always knew Salazar Slytherin was a twisted old loony, but I never knew he started all this pure-blood stuff. I wouldn't be in his house if you paid me. Honestly, if the Sorting Hat had tried to put me in Slytherin, I'd've got the train straight back home..."
    Ron Weasley expressing his claims on Slytherin's views.[src]
    The Sorting Hat claims that blood purity is a factor in selecting Slytherins. This suggests that it bases its decisions more upon the views of its members than on any accurate test of a student's lineage. Muggle-bornSlytherins exist, but are very rare, as noted insultingly by Scabior the Snatcher.[2] There have also been definite examples of half-bloods sorted into the house, including Tom Marvolo Riddle and Severus SnapeHarry Potter was nearly sorted into Slytherin, but ended up in Gryffindor instead. Also there have been pure-bloods sorted into other houses, examples include the Weasley family, Sirius BlackNeville Longbottom, and James Potter I who were all sorted into Gryffindor house, Ernie Macmillan was put into Hufflepuff, whreas Morag McDougal and Stephen Cornfoot were sorted into Ravenclaw.
    Contrary to the wishes of the other founders of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and WizardrySalazar Slytherinwanted a stricter policy of admission to the school —one limited strictly to pure-blood students. The controversy this created apparently led to Salazar leaving the school and the Chamber of Secrets behind. A millennium later, the house's students are still considered affiliated with Salazar's reputed views, and open expression of pro-blood purity sentiment does seem to be more common in Slytherin than in other Houses.
    This disagreement over blood purity, which caused Salazar Slytherin's friendship with Godric Gryffindor to break, is the origin of the feud between Slytherin and Gryffindor, the two most competitive of the houses. Slytherin and Gryffindor are generally rivals in Quidditch and for the House Cup, which the former had won six years in a row prior to Harry Potter's arrival at Hogwarts in 1991. It is also rare for Slytherin and Gryffindor students to be friendly with one another, and common for them to share animosity. This was particularly the case during the First andSecond Wizarding Wars; during the latter conflict, no Slytherin students joined Dumbledore's Army, which had Gryffindor, Ravenclaw, and Hufflepuff members, and some Slytherins declined to defend their school in the Battle of Hogwarts, with some joining the Death Eaters. However, there are exceptions, such as Slytherin Severus Snapeand Gryffindor Lily Evans, who were best friends until Snape's use of the slur "Mudblood" and his aspirations to be a Death Eater caused Lily to sever their ties.

    ReputationEdit Reputation sectionEdit

    House ghost , Bloody Baron
    You-Know-WhoAdded by You-Know-Who

    "There's not a single witch or wizard who went bad who wasn't in Slytherin."
    Ron Weasley to Harry Potter[src]
    It's said that all Dark Wizards were in Slytherin (except Peter Pettigrew), though how many were from this house before Tom Marvolo Riddle began recruiting Death Eaters there is unstated. As Slytherin was his own House, it was certainly most easy for him to recruit there.
    It might also be possible (though unlikely) that the Sorting Hat simply sorts anyone with ill intentions into Slytherin, regardless of whether they possess cunning and ambition. Vincent Crabbe and Gregory Goyle were both incredibly stupid and lacking in tact, but still sorted into Slytherin.
    However, it must be noted that Slytherins who oppose use of the Dark Arts and discrimination based on blood purity do exist, such as Horace Slughorn and Andromeda Tonks; the latter was related to many different Dark wizards and witches (most notably her sister Bellatrix Lestrange, her brother-in-law Lucius Malfoy, and her nephewDraco Malfoy), but chose to forsake the loyalty to her family in marrying the Muggle-born Ted Tonks. Also, the allegiance of Severus Snape was found to be ultimately towards Albus Dumbledore, serving as a triple agent for the Order of the Phoenix. Furthermore, there have been Dark wizards from other houses; Peter Pettigrew, who betrayed James and Lily Potter to Voldemort, was a Gryffindor.
    The Slytherin Dungeon.
    CaliméroAdded by Caliméro
    Cunning and ambition are easily turned towards ill purposes, but are not inherently negative; furthermore, daring, intelligence, and loyalty can as easily become negative. A reason Slytherins may be thought less of by people is perhaps because many of them seem to value their own lives more than the lives of others. When Harry was trying to run away, because he was afraid that his presence was putting his friends in danger, Phineas Nigellus saw him and said, "We Slytherins are brave, yes, but not stupid. For instance, when given the choice, we will always choose to save our own necks." There are exceptions to this rule however, such as Snape, who Harry said was a "Slytherin and...probably the bravest man I ever knew" and Regulus Black, who gave his life in an attempt to destroy one of the Horcruxes of Lord Voldemort.
    The truth is that while most Dark wizards are Slytherins, most Slytherins are not Dark, and smaller groups of Voldemort's supporters are aligned with other Houses. During the Battle of Hogwarts, while all of the Slytherin students left the school before the fighting started, several of them did return with the Hogsmeade reinforcements to join the fight against Voldemort and his Death Eaters; although whilst in the Shreking Shack, Voldemort commented that many had come to join his forces. Furthermore, it should be noted that the acting head at the time ordered the entire house to leave due to a single Slytherin student suggesting the student body hand Harry Potter to Voldemort.[3]

    Common roomEdit Common room sectionEdit

    Main article: Slytherin Dungeon
    The Slytherin common room is found in the dungeons of Hogwarts Castle, and is located underneath the Hogwarts Lake. Because of its location, the light in the common room is green. Harry Potter entered the common room in his second year to find out if Draco Malfoy was the one opening the Chamber of Secrets.

    Head of HouseEdit Head of House sectionEdit

    Slytherin's head of house for Harry's first six years of school was Severus Snape; however, as he fled with theDeath Eaters in 1997Potions master Horace Slughorn became the head of Slytherin House. Upon Snape's return as Headmaster later that year, he apparently approved of Slughorn's appointment, or at least did not assign anyDeath Eaters as a new head of house.

    List of known SlytherinsEdit List of known Slytherins sectionEdit

    SlytherinPeriod Attending HogwartsNotes
    The Bloody Baron[4]Founder's timeLater became the house ghost.
    Elizabeth BurkeUnknownHas her portrait hanging at Hogwarts, and tells Slytherins to be"Nasty to Mudbloods".
    Phineas Nigellus BlackUnknown, possibly 19th centuryIn later years he was a Headmaster, his portrait hangs in theHeadmaster's office.
    The Black familyExcept Sirius Black and Nymphadora Tonks
    Horace SlughornUnknownLater became Potions teacher and Head of Slytherin.
    Tom Marvolo Riddle/Lord Voldemort1938 - 1945Later became the most powerful Dark Wizard in history. Finally defeated by Harry Potter during the Battle of Hogwarts.
    AveryLater became one of the first Death Eaters.
    Rodolphus Lestrange1960sLater became a very loyal Death Eater.
    Bellatrix Lestrange née Black1962 - 1970[5]Later became one of Lord Voldemort's most loyal Death Eaters. Killed by Molly Weasley during the Battle of Hogwarts.
    Lucius Malfoy1965 - 1972Prefect; later became a Death Eater (defected).
    Narcissa Malfoy née Black1966 - 1973
    Evan Rosier1960s or 1970sBecame a Death Eater. Killed by Alastor Moody.
    Rabastan LestrangeLater became a very loyal Death Eater.
    WilkesLater became a Death Eater. Killed by Aurors.
    Avery1970sLater became a Death Eater
    Severus Snape1971 - 1978Became Death Eater, but defected to the Order of the Phoenix; later Potions master and Head of Slytherin, and became Headmaster for one year. Killed by Lord Voldemortduring the Battle of Hogwarts.
    Regulus Black1972 - 1979Became Death Eater but defected and gave his life in an attempt to destroy one of the Horcruxes.
    Marcus Flint1986 - 1994Captain and Chaser of the Slytherin Quidditch team and he repeated a year.[6]
    Lucian Bole1988 - 1995Beater for the Slytherin Quidditch team during the 1990s.
    Peregrine Derrick
    C. Warrington1989 - 1996Chaser of the Slytherin Quidditch team from 1993 to 1996; member of the Inquisitorial Squad.
    Graham MontagueChaser of the Slytherin Quidditch team during the 1990s
    Adrian Pucey1990sChaser of the Slytherin Quidditch team until 1993.
    Flora CarrowMember of the Slug Club.
    Hestia Carrow
    Miles BletchleyKeeper of the Slytherin Quidditch team from 1991 to 1995.
    Terence HiggsSeeker of the Slytherin Quidditch team in the 1980s and1990s.
    UrquhartCaptain and Chaser of the Slytherin Quidditch team during the1996–1997 school year.
    VaiseyChaser of the Slytherin Quidditch team in 1996.
    Blaise Zabini1991 - 1998Member of the Slug Club.
    Daphne Greengrass
    Draco MalfoyPrefectSeeker for the Slytherin Quidditch team, member of the Inquisitorial Squad and later blackmailed by Voldemort to become a Death Eater (defected).
    Gregory GoyleBeater of the Slytherin Quidditch team from 1995 to 1997; member of the Inquisitorial Squad; became a Dark Wizard in his seventh year.
    Millicent BulstrodeMember of the Inquisitorial Squad
    Pansy ParkinsonPrefect and member of the Inquisitorial Squad.
    Theodore Nott
    Tracey Davis
    Vincent CrabbeBeater of the Slytherin Quidditch team from 1995 to 1997; member of the Inquisitorial Squad; became a Dark Wizard in his seventh year. Killed by his own Fiendfyre during the Battle of Hogwarts.
    Bridget1992 - 1993Duelling Club member.
    Peter
    Rachel
    Roy
    Harper1992 - 1999Reserve Seeker of the Slytherin Quidditch team in 1996.
    Graham Pritchard1994 - 2001
    MafaldaThe infamous cousin of the Weasley family who was cut from the books.[8]
    Malcolm Baddock

    Translations of the nameEdit Translations of the name sectionEdit

    In many translations they have changed the name:
    RussianСлизерин (Sleezerin)
    FrenchSerpentard
    NorweiganSmygard
    FinnishLuihuinen (taken from the adjective 'luihu' which means 'deceptive' or 'sneaky')
    DutchZwadderich
    Portuguese (Brazil)Sonserina (taken from "Sonso" a term to someone who pretends to be innocent or harmless)
    CzechZmijozel (taken from "Zmije" = viper snake)
    HungarianMardekár
    BulgarianСлидерин
    RomanianViperini
    ItalianSerpeverde ("Green Serpent")
    SlovenianSpolzgad
    HindiNagshakti नगशक्ति (Sanskrit naga-shakti = "snake-ability")
    SerbianSliterin
    AfrikaansSibberin
    SkopianЗмијолик (Zmijolik, which means "Snakeface")
    WelshSlafenog
    SlovakSlizolin
    Traditional Chinese史萊哲林 (Shi-lai-zhe-lin)
    Simplied Chinese斯莱特林 (Si-lai-te-lin)
    Thaiสลิธีริน (Sa-li-thee-rin)
    The same name is used for the Croatian, German, Swedish, Spanish, Danish, Turkish, Icelandic, Polish, Portuguese (Portugal), and Indonesia languages.Slytherin

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